Antioxidants and Systemic Inflammation in Dentistry – Spear Education

As I explained in a previous article, “Oxidative Stress and an Antioxidant Regime for Restorative Dentistry,” I prescribe oral antioxidants from PerioSciences to many of my patients to address oxidative stress and inflammation in the oral cavity and help return the oral cavity to a state of homeostasis before and after restorative procedures.

For dental practices with a holistic approach to health, there are some updates related to the use of antioxidants as an extra line of defense against systemic inflammation that may be of interest to you and your patients.

Antioxidant research updates

Scientists are studying antioxidants to determine their effect on viruses such as H1N1, COVID-19, and Zika because there is mounting evidence antioxidants can play a role in interfering with viral replication and attachment.

For COVID-19, researchers are looking at the use of antioxidants as a step in stopping systemic inflammation aimed at reducing the cytokine storm caused by the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).2,3

Dentists interested in how airway issues affect multiple aspects of a patient’s life should know that phloretin, used in PerioScience products and found in the bark, fruit, and leaves of apple trees, has an anti-inflammatory effect, and works by reducing cellular response and ROS in the airway1.

Phloretin is currently being studied as a more natural approach to treating conditions such as bronchial asthma and other chronic airway diseases. The effect of periodontal disease and its accompanying inflammation has been well-documented as a contributing factor in heart health.

Educate patients for oral health, overall health

Just as I lecture on the importance of addressing patient oral health in a comprehensive manner, it is becoming more important that dentists take a more holistic approach to assessing and educating patients on other steps they can take to improve their overall health.

We know inflammation plays a key role in many common diseases. In addition to dealing with oxidative stress in the oral cavity, adding antioxidants to a person’s diet has been shown to fight inflammation naturally and help protect from disease.

Chronic inflammatory diseases are becoming more severe and common and currently contribute to more than half of the deaths worldwide.4 Inflammation is associated with autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, cardiovascular diseases like hypertension and heart disease, lung and airway diseases like asthma, metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, mental illnesses like depression, and some forms of cancer such as colon cancer.

In my practice, if indicated, we provide patients with additional information on incorporating antioxidants and/or natural anti-inflammatory items into their diet to help reduce inflammation systemically. Doing this may be an area of your practice where dental hygienists or assistants can take a more active role and act as a resource for information on inflammation and its effect on overall health.

Anti-inflammatory foods to recommend

Incorporating just a few of the following foods can help the body deal with inflammation caused by stress or disease. Unfortunately, not every food (or antioxidant) works for every person but encouraging your patients to include them in their diet could provide them with an extra line of defense.

According to the American Heart Association, the following foods are high in antioxidants or have a high degree of anti-inflammatory effect.

As research in this area continues, there may be additional ways dentists can help reduce oral and systemic inflammation and improve the overall health of our patients.

Robert Winter, D.D.S., is a member of Spear Resident Faculty.

References

This content was originally published here.

Author: topline

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